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Pericarditis. Causes and symptoms of the disease.

. Pericarditis. Causes and symptoms of the disease.
Pericardium is the outer shell of the heart muscle, which performs its protective function. A disease in which this membrane becomes inflamed is called pericarditis.
The main cause of pericarditis is an infection that gets into the pericardial sac:

• In most cases, this process provokes - rheumatism;
• Also, tuberculosis can become the cause of pericarditis;
• All kinds of infections, such as typhoid, meningitis, tonsillitis, measles, syphilis, flu and others;
• Inflammation of the lungs, caused by pneumococcus, can also lead to the development of pericarditis;
• Rarely encountered, causes: lung cancer, acute leukemia, abscess, injuries of the spine and ribs and other processes that can cause suppuration or inflammation.

Pericarditis can occur both in acute and in chronic form. The first case occurs when the body is exposed to an infection that has caused severe complications. Acute pericarditis develops very quickly and lasts no more than six months:

1. Dry or fibrous develops against the background of increased blood filling of the serous heart membrane. This type of pericarditis is most often found with rheumatism.
2. Exudative or exudative - this is such a form of pericarditis in which there is a release or accumulation of exudate having a liquid or semi-liquid state.

Chronic form of pericarditis:

1. Adhesive, that is, the appearance of scar tissue, in which the pericardial petals stick together using adhesions or connective tissues.
2. Exudative or pericardial effusion.
Symptoms of pericarditis, directly depends on the type and nature of the disease:
Dry (fibrous) pericarditis:
• Pain in the area of ​​the heart, which is aching, pressing and stitching. Pain, as a rule, intensifies with sharp turns of the body, when throwing the head back and up. Coughing or swallowing while eating can also provoke an increase in pain intensity.
• Exacerbation of rheumatism (which is the main cause of acute pericarditis) can cause fever.
• A palm lying in the region of the heart feels noise and slight friction of the leaves of the pericardium. In this case, the pain may intensify.
Exudative pericarditis:
• Elevated body temperature, which lasts for a long period.
• Attacks of hiccups.
• Pain in the region of the heart resembles a character, angina pectoris - gives to the arm and left shoulder blade.
• Shortness of breath is felt.
• Shortness of breath and bluish tint of the skin on the face and fingers.
Purulent pericarditis:
• Enlarged and swollen veins in the chest.
• Cutting pain when inhaling and pressing on the epigastrium.
The chronic form of the disease is asymptomatic for a long time (this can last for several years), then some signs begin to appear that arise due to a violation of the elasticity of the connective leaves. The following symptoms may appear:
• increased venous pressure;
• liver enlargement;
• shortness of breath and weakness during physical exertion;
• pallor of the skin;
• decrease in pulse tremors on inspiration.
Treatment should consist of identifying the cause of pericarditis and its elimination, only in this case we can count on a favorable outcome of the disease. casino Malaysia